The Fallacy of Bifurcation

bifurcationThe fallacy of bifurcation occurs when one claims that there are only two mutually exclusive possibilities, when there may actually be three or more options. An example could be“Either the road is made of concrete or tar.” But there could be a third option: the road is made of gravel. This example is very obvious and would be picked out immediately, but there are a few that still slip by in debates.

One such instance arises when someone says “Either evolution is true or everything we know about the world is wrong.” There could be a third option: evolution is not true but we still know much about the world since evolution does not exclusively explain it. This type of statement is commonly employed by evolutionists as a last ditch effort to persuade anti-evolutionists, but this is nothing short of fallacious.

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